normal science


Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Normal science — is a concept originated by Thomas Samuel Kuhn and elaborated in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The term refers to the routine work of scientists experimenting within a paradigm, slowly accumulating detail in accord with established… …   Wikipedia

  • Post-normal science — is a concept developed by Silvio Funtowicz and Jerome Ravetz, attempting to characterise a methodology of inquiry that is appropriate for cases where facts are uncertain, values in dispute, stakes high and decisions urgent . It is primarily seen… …   Wikipedia

  • Science —    1) Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions of Sentient Beings Are Not a Subject of Science    It is a common notion, or at least it is implied in many common modes of speech, that the thoughts, feelings, and actions of sentient beings are not a… …   Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science

  • science, philosophy of — Branch of philosophy that attempts to elucidate the nature of scientific inquiry observational procedures, patterns of argument, methods of representation and calculation, metaphysical presuppositions and evaluate the grounds of their validity… …   Universalium

  • normal lens —    A lens that makes the image in a photograph appear in perspective similar to that of the original scene. A normal lens has a shorter focal length and a wider field of view than a telephoto lens, and a longer focal length and narrower field of… …   Forensic science glossary

  • Normal, Illinois — Uptown Normal looking east on North Street …   Wikipedia

  • Science and British philosophy: Boyle and Newton — G.A.J.Rogers INTRODUCTION Achievements in the natural sciences in the period from Nicholas Copernicus (1473– 1543) to the death of Isaac Newton (1642–1727) changed our whole understanding of the nature of the universe and of the ways in which we… …   History of philosophy

  • normal — normal, ale, aux [ nɔrmal, o ] adj. et n. f. • 1753; verbe normal h. XVe; lat. normalis, de norma « équerre » 1 ♦ Math. Droite normale, ou n. f. la normale à une courbe, à une surface en un point : droite perpendiculaire à la tangente, au plan… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Normal — Nor mal (n[^o]r mal), a. [L. normalis, fr. norma rule, pattern, carpenter s square; prob. akin to noscere to know; cf. Gr. gnw rimos well known, gnw mwn gnomon, also, carpenter s square: cf. F. normal. See {Known}, and cf. {Abnormal},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Normal equations — Normal Nor mal (n[^o]r mal), a. [L. normalis, fr. norma rule, pattern, carpenter s square; prob. akin to noscere to know; cf. Gr. gnw rimos well known, gnw mwn gnomon, also, carpenter s square: cf. F. normal. See {Known}, and cf. {Abnormal},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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